The past two decades have witnessed a significant change in the environment for research and development (R&D) around the world. In the South, the need for scientific knowledge continues to expand. At the same time, however, traditional sources of research funding - from national governments, international agencies, and the donor community - have stagnated or declined. As a result, private sector funding of R&D is now twice that of public sector sources.
Changes in the balance of funding are an important marker of evolution in the nature of research systems, with critical implications for public policy and the management of scientific institutions. This book analyses alternative policy instruments and compares experiences in Argentina, El Salvador, Costa Rica, the Philippines, Malaysia, Peru, Tanzania, and China. It addresses trends in funding, performance, and management of R&D, and policy options to stimulate R&D in and for developing countries.
Fuelling Economic Growth will be of interest to researchers, decision-makers, policy advisers and educators in science, technology, and innovation studies, as well as to development practitioners and professionals around the world.
"Case studies like these can help de-mystify and make very practical, and enabling (and confounding) variables in the process of innovation."
- Adi Paterson, CEO designate of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Member of the National Advisory Council on Innovation, South Africa
"This book constitutes an important contribution to the understanding of the conceptual framework under which science and innovation have evolved in developing countries."
- Carlos Aguirre-Bastos, Visiting Researcher, Austrian Research Center
"The changing role of public and private sector funding for research is an important policy issue. This book is an important contribution to the policy debate and demonstrates the significance of IDRC support for such work on science, technology and innovation policy and practice."
- Fred Gault is former Chair of the OECD Working Group of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI)
Michael Graham has more than 30 years of experience in science editing, writing, and publication production and in the management of publishing and communications projects. He has used this knowledge and experience to provide consultancy services in evaluating information and communication technologies and their role in international development programmes.
Jean Woo joined IDRC in 1999 where she co-developed both the Research on Knowledge Systems and the New Technologies explorations. She now works as a Programme Officer at IDRC specialising in international development and industry.