Achieving gender equality and tackling discriminatory laws, social norms and practices set a direct path toward a more inclusive economy and society. The SIGI 2021 Regional Report for Southeast Asia provides new evidence-based analysis on the setbacks and progress in achieving gender equality between 2014 and 2019 in 11 countries. The report uncovers the discrimination women face within social institutions in various dimensions; in the family and household context, in relation to physical integrity and access to productive and financial resources, as well within the political and civil spheres. The SIGI 2021 Regional Report for Southeast Asia explores the interaction between women’s empowerment and discriminatory social institutions by looking specifically at four core areas – health, education, the economic dimension and decision making. It also unveils the cost of discriminatory social institutions for Southeast Asian countries and the socio-economic consequences of the COVID-19 crisis for women and girls. Building on the regional analysis of how discriminatory social institutions continue to hinder efforts toward SDG 5, the report provides a set of policy recommendations to enhance governments’ efforts to deliver on their gender equality commitments by 2030.
The OECD Social Institutions and Gender Index series analyses how formal and informal laws, social norms and practices discriminate on the basis of gender and helps governments and development practitioners identify policies and programmes to tackle this discrimination. Legal reforms promoting women’s empowerment and gender equality will only go so far unless social norms change. The SIGI series proposes gender-transformative actions at the international, regional and national levels. It identifies the underlying drivers of gender inequality and proposes whole-of-society entry points to build more inclusive societies and opportunities for all.