In view of the complexity of the relationship between trade and gender, it is important to assess the potential impact of trade policy on both women and men and to develop appropriate policies to ensure that trade contributes to enhancing opportunities for all. Building on new analysis and data broken down by gender, this study aims to advance understanding of the relationship between trade and gender equality and to identify opportunities through which trade can improve the lives of women.
Research on gender equality and trade has been held back by limited data as well as by a lack of understanding of the connections between the economic roles women play as workers, consumers and decision-makers.
The report, co-published by the World Trade Organization and the World Bank, gathers new data to show how trade and trade policy can affect men and women differently - in terms of wages, consumption and welfare and in the quality of jobs available to them. New analysis based on these data suggests that expanding trade can act as an impetus for countries to improve women's rights and boost female participation in the economy.
Table of contents:
- Trade improves the lives of women
- The changing nature of trade creates new opportunities for women
- Better policies can help women overcome the challenges of trade and maximize its benefits
- Collective efforts to promote trade and gender equality
- Chapter 1 - The impact of trade on women in their different roles
- How trade affects women as workers
- How trade affects women producers and business owners
- How trade affects women consumers and decision makers
- Chapter 2 - How constraints and opportunities shape women's roles in trade
- Barriers reducing women's share in the gains from trade
- New opportunities for women to benefit from trade
- Chapter 3 - Policy responses to promote women's benefits from trade
- Priorities to increase women's capacity to engage in international trade
- Mitigating risks from trade faced by women
- Collective efforts to promote women's economic empowerment
- Steps to further inclusiveness