Wildlife crime poses a serious and irrefutable risk to global biodiversity and is a driver of the current global extinction crisis. Southeast Asia accounts for up to a quarter of global demand for illegal wildlife products, and is also both a source and transit region for this transnational trade. This report examines the governance frameworks for countering illegal wildlife trade in Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. After assessing the effectiveness of several responses to wildlife crime in these countries, the report provides recommendations for strengthening the capacities of the institutions involved and improving strategies to counter illegal wildlife trade.
The OECD series Illicit Trade provides decision makers with insightful analysis of black and grey markets, as well as innovative guidance and evaluations of policies designed to reduce or deter them. It covers a wide spectrum of studies on illicit market sectors, from counterfeits and narcotics to humans and wildlife, as well as reports on cross-cutting facilitators of illicit trade, such as free trade zones or the use of small parcels to avoid detection. It builds on quantitative analysis and qualitative insights, and benefits from discussions with OECD and non-OECD countries as well as non-government stakeholders.