Among the millions of asylum seekers who recently arrived in OECD countries, the majority are young people who may be able to take advantage of vocational education and training (VET) opportunities to help them enter skilled employment. This report provides advice to governments and other stakeholders who are seeking to use VET to promote integration, in particular for young humanitarian migrants. While the study draws particularly on policy and practice observed in Germany, Italy, Sweden and Switzerland, it also highlights other international practices.
The report focuses on the main channels through which migrants succeed in VET. It is essential that migrants are fully informed about the opportunities VET provision offers and that they have access to high quality preparatory programmes enabling access to upper-secondary VET. Once in such provision, targeted support should help them to complete VET programmes successfully. OECD countries are putting in place innovative measures to achieve better outcomes for both migrants and for economies as a whole. Ultimately this report argues that VET systems can become stronger, more flexible and more inclusive, when working better for all students, including those with diverse and vulnerable backgrounds.
Across the OECD, approximately half of young people follow vocational education and training (VET) programmes, designed to enable easy access to the world of work. Yet enrolment rates and emphasis on work-based learning, vary widely from country to country. This series of country reports examines the development and growth of VET programmes for young people and adults. Studies focus on how programmes can be most effectively, efficiently and equitably delivered, addressing such questions as: how is VET aligned with future needs of the labour market? How can VET be made attractive to all aspirational learners?