These proceedings present the outcome of an IAEA symposium covering all areas of the uranium production cycle — including uranium geology, exploration, mining; milling and refining of uranium concentrates; and safety, environmental, social, training and regulatory issues — and report on uranium supply and demand, and market scenarios. The meeting demonstrated that uranium industry and practitioners were taking a lead in developing innovative solutions in exploration and production which are expected to keep the costs low, while achieving high performance in health, safety and environmental performance. New initiatives like innovative financing, ‘smart mines’, integrated exploration, and ‘wealth from wastes’ were extensively discussed in the symposium. The publication includes the summaries of the individual sessions, the opening address, a summary of the panel discussion, the closing keynote addresses and the conference president’s concluding remarks. The technical papers based on the majority of the oral and poster papers are available on the CD-ROM in the back of this book.