The concept of independence means different things depending on the context. Indeed, the cinema and audiovisual industries use different definitions. Legislation also varies the definition of the concept of independence depending on the aim pursued. The EU’s Audiovisual Media Services Directive, for instance, speaks of independence vis-à-vis broadcasters. Interestingly, this means that, at least in theory, a big Hollywood studio production will be independent for the purposes of this directive.
This publication aims at providing an overview of many relevant issues concerning the independent production of films and audiovisual works in Europe, including market figures, international and national rules, interprofessional agreements and case law.